The Gunpowder Plot

Back in November 1605, a group of 13 notorious men plotted to blow up parliament, to kill King James 1st and his lords. Among the most well-known members was Guy Fawkes, he had the task to light the gunpowder. The Gunpowder Plot story was told every November 5th for more than 400 decades, the party as the habit to be called “Bonfire Night” and is also called Guy Fawkes Night.

The Gunpowder Plot of 1605

Henry VIII Portrait for The Gunpowder Plot.After Henry VIII was unable to generate a son with Catherine of Aragon, the mother of Mary I of England, he wished to wed his second wife, Anne Boleyn he requested the Pope to create their union created legally invalid.

The Pope question that the refused and cancellation. Henry disagreed, which directed him to commence the Reformation. This could distinguish the Church of England from papal authority and could make him Supreme Head of the Church of England.

For several decades, Catholics in England was tormented, penalized and was murdered. Catholics anticipated for him to become in favour of those. As time went on he had been, in actuality, less tolerant.

A plot was shaped by Robert Catesby who went mad. He chose to kill James and place his Catholic daughter Elizabeth on the throne. It was easy, “conceal 36 barrels of gunpowder under the house of lords, and also on the afternoon of 5 November 1605, on parliament opening, to light the fuse and blow off King James and his lords off”

Catesby conspirators these were:

  • Robert and Thomas Wintour,
  • Christopher and John Wright,
  • Thomas Percy,
  • Francis Tresham,
  • Everard Digby,
  • Ambrose Rookwood,
  • Thomas Bates,
  • Robert Keyes,
  • Hugh Owen,
  • John Grant,
  • Guy Fawkes

All these conspirators had a significant part to play at the gunpowder plot, They were able to rent out a home beside the Houses of Parliament, which had a direct link to the basement’s, so that they might easily transfer the whole 36 barrels of gunpowder under the House of Lords.

The Gunpowder Plot famous conspirators portrait.

 

An anonymous letter was delivered to William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle, on 26 October 1605. Guy Fawkes, being a volatile expert was left to light the fuse. On this night, James ordered a hunt through the parliament, such as the cellars where he had been captured and detained.

They sent Fawkes into the Tower of London, Orders from King James to Lieutenant, Sir William Wade to utilize whatever means of torture what was needed to acquire the info from him, he had been tortured for days, he finally declares and gave up his fellow conspirators titles.

Other plotters were shipped into the tower of London in which they had been hung, drawn and quartered, with Fawkes, in January 1606, throughout the general public implementation, Guy Fawkes dropped from the scaffolding, breaking his neck in the process, and rescue him from the anguish of mutilation. Percy and Catesby were searched and taken down.

Guy Fawkes Signature, before torture and after.

How we celebrate now

James ordered the people of England to build massive bonfires on the evening of November 5th in celebration of his survival. During the early years of this tradition effigy of the pope was thrown on top of the fires, and later it was Guy Fawkes. This was around the time fireworks was introduced to the public. Lewes bonfire societies, in East Sussex, still burn the effigies of the pope, Guy Fawkes and other unpopular celebrities.

Food was introduced early in the celebration, jacket potatoes were cooked on huge bonfires and were a nice winter warmer for the chilly evenings. Many recipes were introduced to this night, such as Yorkshire Parkin, bonfire toffee, they have now, in fact, have a traditional time to when they are cooked and eaten.

Many media have shown and told this The Gunpowder Plot story in different ways over the years, one such film v for vendetta became viral among the activists for a sense, of anti-government protests or any protests around the world. With the v mask,  it was created by a painter David Lloyd for the comic ” v for vendetta ” in 1982, which plot a story regarding the efforts of a vigilante who was in the title v to eliminate the dictator of the dictator (Dystopian) where the plot of the story occurred in ” UK future ” And also his attempt to blow up Parliament. The v’s main character is synonymous with the “Guy Fawkes mask” who used the vigilante in the comic.

The other iconic footage from the film was the words from v; “remember, remembering the fifth of November of gunpowder treason and plot”. These words are the adaptation of the above plot designed by Catesby and Guy Fawkes with the 11 other conspirators.

See also:

Traditional Bonfire Night Food

Guy Fawkes

Further Reading:

Guy Fawkes Mask – Wikipedia

James I and VI (1566 – 1625) – BBC